Key cases left on the Supreme Court docket this term

Tuesday saw the U.S. Supreme Court release five new rulings; there are still 13 cases pending, one of which might reverse the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision that made abortion legal nationally. On Thursday and Friday, the upcoming opinions are anticipated to be released.

The important cases that are still open and the problems they raise are listed below.

Religious freedom

Distributed by Yahoo News On April 23, 2021, the justices gathered for a group picture at the Supreme Court in Washington, D.C. (Reuters, Erin Schaff/Pool)

The justices are anticipated to rule in the case Kennedy v. Bremerton School District, which involves a former high school football coach from Washington state who was fired for praying at the 50-yard line following games.

Coach Joe Kennedy’s legal team argued that he should be permitted to publicly express his beliefs since it is protected by the First Amendment’s free speech and free exercise sections. Kennedy was suspended, according to the school district, to prevent him from appearing to support a specific faith, which is a violation of the establishment clause of the Constitution.

The justices appeared to be sympathetic to Kennedy during the oral arguments in April.

Changing weather

According to Yahoo News US emissions rise from a power plant on May 16, 2018, in Haywood, West Virginia. (Reuters/Brian Snyder)

The court’s conservative majority is likely to support Republican-controlled states and coal firms in a lawsuit (West Virginia v. Environmental Protection Agency) that might have an impact on the Biden administration’s strategy to reduce carbon emissions.

Such a decision would hinder the Biden administration’s ability to fulfill the president’s target of halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 by removing some of the major tools it can use to speed up the power sector’s transition to cleaner energy sources.

Following the February oral arguments, experts told Yahoo News that although the court is almost certain to rule in favor of the petitioners, a group of red states and coal corporations, the reasoning and specifics of the decision may impact future climate regulation in the United States.

The high court’s ruling in the case follows the release of a sobering new UN report that found that the US and other nations are failing to live up to their commitments to cut greenhouse gas emissions in order to stop catastrophic climate change.

weapon rights

According to Yahoo News US During the memorial service for security guard Aaron Salter Jr., a retired Buffalo Police officer who was slain in the mass shooting at a supermarket in Buffalo last month, family members watch on. (Reuters/Jeffrey T. Barnes)

The Supreme Court will rule on the constitutionality of a century-old New York law that requires anyone who wants a license to carry a concealed handgun outside the home to show “proper cause,” such as a special need to defend themselves, amid the renewed discussion over gun control following the mass shootings in Buffalo, New York, and Uvalde, Texas. The case is New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Inc. v. Bruen.

A majority of the judges appeared dubious of the law during the November oral arguments, but as SCOTUSblog reported, their ultimate decision may be limited to New York while deferring more general inquiries about the right to carry a pistol outside the home.

Following the shooting in Buffalo, New York Governor Kathy Hochul signed a comprehensive set of new regulations reinforcing the state’s gun prohibitions into law. Yet the outcome of the Supreme Court looms large.

Eric Adams, the mayor of New York City, remarked earlier this month, “This keeps me up at night.” “Can you picture riding the 4 train with someone holding a 9mm exposed if this right to carry passes the Supreme Court and becomes the law of the land? On the train, who isn’t carrying anything?

It will be extremely difficult to police, he continued.

Abortion

According to Yahoo News Outside the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, D.C., on Tuesday, pro-life and anti-abortion demonstrators demonstrate. Reuters/Evelyn Hockstein

The court must decide whether Mississippi’s prohibition on abortions beyond 15 weeks of pregnancy is constitutional in the most anticipated case (Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization) left in its term. The release of a draft judgment by Justice Samuel Alito that was leaked last month gave the impression that the court was about to reverse Roe v. Wade, which led to rallies and demonstrations outside the residences of justices across the country.

In the draft ruling, which Politico made public, Alito stated that “Roe was egregiously incorrect from the start.” It is time to obey the Constitution and hand back control of the abortion debate to the elected officials of the people.

If the draft decision is upheld, according to President Biden, it would mark a “radical” and “fundamental” transformation in the legal system.

Biden added, “It worries me much that we’re going to determine, after 50 years, that a woman does not have the right to choose.”

Tens of millions of Americans would live in states where abortion would be completely prohibited or highly restricted if the court were to reverse Roe.